MtKilimanjaro Travel Guide
MtKilimanjaro
Climb MtKilimanjaro
Email our kili experts!

Ecosystems of Kilimanjaro


One of the most interesting things about climbing Mt Kilimanjaro is the unique ecosystems. Generally speaking, in the lower elevations, there is a belt of forests and as you proceed up the mountain, there is less and less vegetation.

Below is a breakdown of each ecosystem and what to expect.

CULTIVATION:
This is was once shrubbery and dense forests and is now farms, pastures, plantations, grasslands. The cultivation area has heavy rainfall, is very great, and has major volcanic soil. You will notice the cultivation area when you are driving to the various gates.

FOREST:
The forest is usually the area that most climbers pass the first day and part of the second day. It’s very lush dense vegetation with heavy rainfall. There are no settlements pass this point. This is generally from 1,800 to 2,800 meter.

HEATHER:
The heather zone is a transition from the forest to the moorland. Generally there is midst and fog close to the forest. There is low-growing shrub growing in dense masses. This is day 2

MOORLAND:
This is an open area with peaty soil covered with heather and bracken and moss. It’s very cool and clear climate and it’s where you really start to feel the elevation changes. Frost is regular and the sun can be very intense. This is day 3, day 4.

ALPINE DESERT:
This is generally anywhere above 14,000 ft and is usually toward the end of your trip. It has very intense radiation, high evaporation and big fluctuations in the temperature. At nights it can be below 32 degrees Fahrenheit and above 90 degrees Fahrenheit. There is little to no water and pretty much no plant life. This is Day 4, and after.

SUMMIT:
This is your last day and is the cold artic conditions with half the amount of oxygen you are used to. It’s hot, intense sun during the day and extremely cold, freezing temperatures at night. There is little protection from the sun and no surface water.



By Peter Baxter | Permalink | No Comments | August 29th, 2005
Tags: Routes up Kilimanjaro
Related posts


Mt. Kilimanjaro News



Read more archives

RSS Feed Subscription

 

Reader Comments

Climb Kilimanjaro on Add Adventure Trips to Kili Trek for Trip of a Lifetime
If you travel all the way to Tanzania to climb Kilimanjaro its worth taking atleast a few days ontop...

Shu on Historic Kilimanjaro
Hi Angie...Climbed Kili in September 2010 and had the most incredible experience of my life. Went wi...

Catherine on Historic Kilimanjaro
My brother is planning to climb kilimanjaro with this company http://www.footlooseadventure.co.uk/ki...

angie on Historic Kilimanjaro
Hi Eric, I'm glad you summited with no problems! Way to go!! My boyfriends trek also had rather b...

eric on Historic Kilimanjaro
climbed it this past June with no climbing experience. We had amazing guides though! @Angie-it is ...